A treaty signed in 1855 designated that the land between the Cascade Mountains and the Deschutes River in a region of North Central Oregon become the Warm Springs Indian Reservation. At first, two groups of Indians were moved to the reservation: the Wasco bands that originally populated the banks of the Columbia River, and the Warm Springs bands that migrated around the Columbia River tributaries. A large number of Paiute Indians (originally from Southeast Oregon) were brought to the Reservation in the late 19th century.
These three tribes united as the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs in 1938, and the reservation today is an amalgam of the three different cultures.
Warm Springs is the town at the center of much of the activity on the reservation. It’s where tribespeople gather for community events, and it’s where the reservation’s elementary school is located. It’s also the commercial center of the the reservation, where the native-owned Kahneeta Resort and Casino and the tribal museum sit.
The reservation is also home to hydroelectric and wind energy projects, as well as Warm Springs Composite Products.
Multimedia: Warm Springs
Explore Warm Springs through a Google map of the town.
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