Thousands of years before present
Native Americans inhabit the region we define as Oregon today. The Nez Perce, Shoshone, Snake, and Umatilla Indian tribes live in Pine Valley/Halfway area.
1700s
Spanish galleons explore the Oregon coast.
1792
Captain Robert Gray enters the river we now call the Columbia, and names it after his ship, the Columbia Rediviva.
1804-1806
Captains Lewis and Clark travel with their party from Missouri to the mouth of the Columbia River. President Thomas Jefferson believes a settlement at Astoria will be a key to expanding the American empire west all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
1800s
Oregon's streams, rivers, and lakes teem with beaver, and trade in beaver pelts attracts explorers, trappers, and traders to the region.
1827
The first sawmill is built in the Pacific Northwest.
1829
Dr. John McLoughlin founds a town at Willamette Falls, which later becomes Oregon City. Hall Jackson Kelley organizes the "American Society for Encouraging the Settlement of the Oregon Territory."
1830s
Captain Benjamin Bonneville explores the area now called Pine Valley in northeast Oregon.
1834
Missionaries led by Jason Lee arrive at Fort Vancouver, and later establish the Willamette Mission near Salem.
1843
Civil government is established in the Oregon Country. Major immigration to Oregon begins along the Oregon Trail, with over 53,000 people traveling the Oregon Trail between 1840 and 1850.
1844
The telegraph between Portland and Sacramento, California, is completed, allowing communication between Portland and the East Coast.
1848
The Oregon Territory is organized.
1850
Donation Land Claim law is passed, causing more settlers to move to the Oregon Territory. Population of Oregon is 12,093.
1859
Congress ratifies the Oregon State Constitution, and the state accepts the congressional proposal to be admitted to the Union as the 33rd state.
1860s
Daily stagecoach line is established between Portland and San Francisco. Settlers begin arriving in Pine Valley.
1860
Population of Oregon is 52,465.
1862
Congress passes the Homestead Act, allowing 160 acres to those who will live on and work the land.
1864
Salem is voted the state capitol. Transcontinental telegraph service to Portland via California is implemented.
1873
Henry Villard creates the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company.
1883
The transcontinental railroad is completed.
1900
Rail lines extend into Prineville, Lakeview, and later Redmond, Burns, and Bend, all of which become active cow and sheep towns.
1901
The wireless revolution begins when Guglielmo Marconi successfully sends a radio signal from the Isle of Wight to Cornwall, 185 miles away.
1917
The United States enters World War I.
1929
The Great Depression begins.
1941
The United States enters World War II.
1969
The first successful electronic transmission over ARPANET occurs between research centers at UCLA and Stanford University.
1970s
ATMs (Automated Teller Machines) become available for use.
1970
The National Environmental Policy Act is passed.
1973
Statewide land use planning is approved. Congress passes the Endangered Species Act.
1982
The term "Internet" is used for the first time.
1988
The first hacking by an Internet "worm" occurs. The Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) is established.
1989
Oregon Shines, a vision for the future of Oregon, is adopted.
1991
The World Wide Web is developed by Tim Berners-Lee of CERN. The National Science Foundation ceases to prohibit commercial use of the Internet, so electronic commerce is born.
1993
First commercial browser software is developed.
1994
First online shopping. First advertising "spam" on the Internet. Pizza Hut goes online.
1995
Traditional online dial-up systems (Compuserve, America Online, Prodigy) begin to provide Internet access.
1996
Nationally, six percent of retail businesses have a Web site. Approximately 40 million people are connected to the Internet in 150 countries. $1 billion in sales at Internet shopping malls.
1997
Nationally, 20 percent of retail businesses have a Web site. There are 28 million Internet users in the U.S., 44.4 million in the world. Revenues from e-commerce are $10.7 billion. (Source: Saunders)
Fossil establishes its first Internet access line.
1998
Nationally, 26 percent of retail businesses have a Web site. Revenues from e-commerce are $43 billion. (Source: Saunders)
The Internet Tax Freedom Act is passed by the U.S. Congress, placing a three-year moratorium on new Internet taxes and calling for the creation of a commission to study taxation issues.
Internet-related industries generate more than $300 billion in revenue and create over 1.2 million jobs in the U.S.
1999
More than 4.9 million business Web sites have been created, sometimes at the rate of about 500,000 a month.
SB 622, designed to improve telecommunications services and infrastructure in Oregon education and economic development, is signed into law.
2000
Halfway City Council votes to change its name to half.com, Oregon.
The Oregon Internet Commission is formed to "ensure that Internet commerce will continue to grow and prosper while delivering social and economic benefits to Oregon's citizens, government and business."
By June, there are 13,260,000 active Web sites in the United States.
2001
E-commerce accounts for more than 2% of the gross domestic product of the United States. Oregon ranks 20th in the number of registered Web sites.
2002
It is estimated that e-commerce will top $325 billion and there will be 85 million Internet users in the U.S., 228 million in the world. Consumer purchases over the Internet are expected to total about $35.3 billion. Eighty-five percent of small businesses are expected to conduct business via the World Wide Web by the year 2002.
2003
Business to business e-commerce is expected to account for almost 24 percent of total business-to-business commerce and reach $3 trillion in the U.S. and $1.8 trillion in the rest of the world.
2005
It is estimated that 15% of the world's population, approximately one billion people, will be using the Internet, generating more than $5 trillion in e-commerce.
2006
It is estimated that e-commerce in the U.S. may represent 40% of all business. (Source: Saunders)
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