As a two term psychology graduate student intern, I advocate for internship paid (preferred) or unpaid. However, I propose programs held accountable to adere to a process to better match intern placement and requiring formal course or certification for supervisiors.
There are numerous definitions of supervision. Clinical supervision is an ongoing relationship with power differential aimed at developing and training future professional in various fields (e.g. psychology).
Unfortunately, few supervisors report having had formal courses on supervision, and most rely on their own experience as a supervisee" (ASPPB, 2003, p. 1). Additionally, fewer than 20% of supervisors have had formal training in supervision (Peake, Nussbaum, & Tindell, 2002). Many psychologists perform clinical supervision, with little or no formal training or experience, other than being supervised themselves at one time. Moreover, The Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards (ASPPB) task force on supervision concluded, "Given the critical role of supervision in the protection of the public and in the training and practice of psychologists, it is surprising that organized psychology, with few exceptions, has failed to establish a requirement for graduate level training in supervision."
C.E.Watkins, Jr. (Ed.). Handbook of psychotherapy supervision. New York: Wiley.
State of Oregon http://www.oregon.gov/OBPE/APA EPs 2002.pdf
Ronnestad, M.H., & Skovholt, T.M. (1993). Supervision of beginning and advanced graduate students of counseling and psychotherapy. Journal of Counseling and Development, 71, 396-405.
American Psychological Association. (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of . Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code2002.html conduct 2002
ASPPB Supervision Guidelines Revised 2003. (2003). Final report of the ASPPB Task Force on Supervision
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