Lift Ev’ry Voice explores Portland’s African American history with a focus on the turbulent 1960s, ’70s and early ’80s. At the time, issues surrounding urban renewal, school desegregation and brittle police relations were exploding both nationally and locally.
The program begins during World War II, when thousands of African Americans migrated north to work in the shipyards. In Portland, most were funneled into a hastily constructed public housing project called Vanport; but in 1948 the Columbia River flooded and washed away the town leaving hundreds of both black and white families homeless. African Americans had little choice where they could move because of discriminatory real estate and banking practices. Most were forced to relocate across the Willamette River to the inner northeast district of Albina.
By the late 1950s, Portland’s disinvestment in the Albina district, lack of capital for mortgages and home improvements and high unemployment among young African American men had helped create what was being called Portland’s Negro ghetto. The area soon was targeted for federally-funded urban renewal projects. As a result, hundreds of homes and businesses owned by both blacks and whites were destroyed and hundreds of families in the Albina area were displaced.
By the late 1960s, a new generation of young black activists had emerged with more militant strategies for changing the status quo. A decade later the Portland chapter of the Black United Front formed and gained tremendous power in the community. Its members advocated for equal and effective educational opportunities for all children in their own neighborhoods, and demanded an end to the forced bussing of black children to white schools. Continual pressure from the black community would ultimately end mandatory bussing in the city.
Activists would also turn their attention to institutional racism in the Portland Police Bureau and demand accountability of the bureau and its officers.
Portland Civil Rights: Lift Ev’ry Voice explores the triumphs and the challenges within Portland’s black community. It examines the hard-fought civil rights victories led by organizations like the NAACP and the Urban League of Portland, but also the racist policies and powerful negative stereotypes that would, throughout the city’s history, still prevail.
The documentary is told largely through the words of men and women who lived through and led the struggles for human rights in Portland. It features archival film and images illustrating these remarkable times.