Vanport was quickly built in the early 1940s to provide temporary housing to employees working in ship building and ship repair at the Kaiser Company shipyards in Portland and Vancouver. At its peak, the population was around 42,000.
Before Vanport was built, Oregon was home to few African Americans — only 2,565 in 1940. But Vanport provided unprecedented job and housing opportunities for blacks. By the end of the war, 6,000 lived in Vanport alone, drawn from all over the country.
Former State of Residence for African Americans Living in Vanport in 1945:
Source: First Annual Report of the Urban League of Portland, 1945
After WWII, Vanport’s population decreased, but it also diversified, as Japanese families relocated to the city after being interned during the war. When the flood destroyed the town, many of the racial minorities that had resided in Vanport moved to Portland, which until that point had had very few non-white residents.
Did you live in Vanport or have friends or family who did? What stories have you heard of life in the town before and during the flood?
We’ve put together a companion website for the Our Town series. Head over there to check out our slideshow of historical photographs of the people and places of Vanport.