Redistricting is the once-every-ten-years process by which the Legislature attempts to draws the boundaries for U.S. congressional districts, along with their own state house and senate districts. If you’re new to this, you’re in luck. The Portland City Club is currently studying the issue, and they’ve put together a handy distillation (pdf) of how the process works for legislative districts:
The Legislature must propose its redistricting plan by July 1, 2011. The Constitution also gives the Oregon Supreme Court original jurisdiction to review redistricting enacted by the Legislature. If the Legislature fails to complete the task in a timely manner, if the governor vetoes the plan, or if the Supreme Court rejects the proposed redistricting plan, the secretary of state has 45 days to propose new districts for review by the Supreme Court. The redistricting plan must be finalized by the end of 2011.
The process is slightly different for congressional districts. Basically, they’re handled directly by the Oregon Supreme Court. What all of this has meant in practice, as the City Club notes, is that “[n]ot since 1911 has the Oregon Legislature produced a redistricting plan that has taken effect.”
Will 2011 be different?
How do you define “communities of common interest,” which state law says shouldn’t be divided? Do you think you’re already grouped with such a community? If not, what kind of changes would you like to see?