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NW Life | Think Out Loud

Warm Springs Tribes "Recovering Voices" In D.C.

Members of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs took advantage of a “Recovering Voices” grant from the Smithsonian to go to the museum and access tribal artifacts, including documents, audio recordings, tools and garments. Valerie Switzler, the tribe’s Cultural and Heritage director, says even though they weren’t able to bring any of the hundreds of documents, photos, tools and other items home with them, on their trip this month. But she says the copies and pictures they took are invaluable. The tribe’s last fluent speaker of the native Kiksht language died a few years ago, and there is a wide and concerted effort to bring back the language.


  • Valerie Switzler: Culture and heritage director for the Warm Springs Tribes
  • Pam Cardenes: Kiksht teacher for the Warm Springs Tribes
warm springs warm springs tribes kiksht native american culture

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