It's been four years since the federal government initially started asking Washington residents whether they'd like to see more grizzly bears brought into the state. And still, the heated debate continues.
Around 450 people filed into the AgriComplex building at the Okanogan County Fairgrounds Monday night. They wanted to voice their opinions on a draft plan to relocate grizzlies to the North Cascades.
Republican Rep. Dan Newhouse, whose large central Washington district includes the North Cascades region, had pushed for another opportunity for his constituents to comment on the potential reintroductions. That came after a series of public meetings and an earlier comment period.
Newhouse said this meeting was a “huge opportunity, no matter where you stand on this issue.”
“I think you all know where I stand on this issue,” Newhouse told the crowd. “I don’t think the science supports it. I think it’s against state law. I don’t think the local communities want it.”
To that, people in the crowd whistled and cheered.
“A Recipe For Disaster”
For three hours after that, 62 people spoke about why they did or did not want grizzly bears in the North Cascades. Each person was selected from a lottery drawing, and each had two minutes to speak. Most in the room said they did not want more “apex predators” in their backyard.
Alta Lake resident Michael Zoretic said he was worried about the burden grizzlies would pose to people’s safety.
“We’re talking about an 800-pound animal that has, what? – six-inch-long claws. That is a recipe for disaster for hikers and hunters and people just going out with their dogs for walks,” Zoretic said.
To that the crowd raised their arms in support, waving their hands for emphasis. They’d been asked not to cheer or applaud, although they often clapped in support or booed and murmured their disagreement.
Many ranchers in the crowd said they worry about adding another large predator that would look at their livestock as food. Dave Dashiell, a rancher in Stevens County, said he’s concerned grizzly reintroduction will end up like wolf conflicts: In his estimation, not well.
“I can’t imagine the grizzly thing being any better. It might even be a bigger trainwreck,” Dashiell said. “It’s always your fault when something goes wrong. It’s never the predator’s fault. It’s always the producer.”
Some conservationists were sprinkled throughout the crowd. Jasmine Minbashian, with the Methow Valley Citizens Council, lives near the area where bears could be reintroduced. She brought along a list of other Methow Valley residents who wanted to see the grizzlies brought back.
“Living next to this big, wild place, we have a responsibility to be good stewards of that wild place. That includes keeping all the parts, even if those parts have big teeth and claws,” Minbashian said. “There’s also a lot of fear. I understand those concerns, but a lot of those fears are overblown.”
Many supporters spoke of their experiences with grizzlies, like wheat grower Matt Rudolf, who said he had “experienced grizzlies in seven different habitats.”
“I want to restore the grizzly because ecosystems that have the grizzly have been proven to be better,” Rudolf said. “I think we’re strong enough as a species that we can co-exist.”
Once Numbered In The Thousands
Biologists say there are only a handful of grizzlies left in the state – so few that one man who’s studied grizzlies his entire life has yet to see one in Washington. Scientists say that if something isn’t done soon, the bears will disappear from the state for good.
"The likelihood of the [grizzly] bears recovering in the North Cascades on their own is very, very small. In fact, it probably isn't going to happen," biologist Bill Gaines said in an earlier interview.
Biologists say grizzly bears in the North Cascades once numbered in the thousands. They were wiped out from fur trading, hunting and habitat fragmentation.
Records from the Hudson’s Bay Company indicate that in the mid-1800s trappers traded nearly 4,000 grizzly hides through forts in the area — although all of those pelts may not have come from the North Cascades.
The region is a prime grizzly habitat, mainly due to its vast ruggedness. Grizzly bears need large areas to roam.
That's why the federal government drafted a variety of plans to help save Washington's grizzlies. The four options range from doing nothing to slowly reintroducing 25 bears to the North Cascades over a decade. Under the different plans, bears would be brought in from British Columbia and Montana, which has also dealt with controversial grizzly reintroductions.
If this proposal does move forward, it could take up to a century for the Washington grizzly population to reach the ultimate goal of 200 bears in the North Cascades.
“Supporter Of The Great Bear”
Federal officials originally received more than 126,000 public comments on the draft plans, after a series of public hearings. The plans gained backing from former Interior Department Secretary Ryan Zinke, a Montana native who said he was a "supporter of the Great Bear."
In a surprise visit in March 2018, Zinke said to a small crowd in Sedro-Wolley, Washington, that he wanted to make sure the process was done right.
"This is not the reintroduction of a rabbit. It is the reintroduction of the grizzly," Zinke said. "And, when done right by professional management, the grizzly can return harmony to the ecosystem.”
Under Zinke, the reintroduction efforts appeared to gain momentum. They had suffered from fits and starts over a 30-year effort to bring back grizzlies to the North Cascades.
But shortly after Zinke's visit to the region, Newhouse sought to deny funding to any translocation of bears into the state. The bill eventually failed.
Newhouse requested the federal government host more meetings with his constituents, especially in Okanogan County.
Initially, federal officials within the Interior Department hosted six scoping meetings in 2015. They held eight public hearings and two webinars on a draft environmental impact statement in 2017, including hearings in Omak and Winthrop.
Federal officials also provided informal updates at 70 other meetings across the region, including with tribes, elected officials and interest groups, like cattlemen, conservation organizations and recreationists.
he federal government had planned to make a decision on grizzly reintroduction by the end of 2018. But the plans stalled after Zinke resigned as interior secretary, and amid pushback from Newhouse and others concerned with reintroduction.
Additional public comments are now being accepted through Oct. 24.
Courtney Flatt covers environmental and natural resource issues for Northwest Public Broadcasting. She is based in Washington’s Tri-Cities. On Twitter: @courtneyflatt
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