Jim Green wanted his prospective business partners to know he wasn’t all that concerned with where they cut down the tropical hardwood that would eventually become veneer siding on homes across the United States.
“I’m not worried that you’re stealing from a national park. I don’t care,” he said during a 2017 meeting. What mattered to Green was that he had paperwork — even if bribery or graft was involved — indicating that everything was above board.
As it turns out, Green, a Eugene businessman and hardwood importer, wasn't talking with potential business collaborators; he was revealing his secrets to an environmental watchdog group's undercover investigators, who were surreptitiously recording him on video.
Those video recordings, along with other investigative materials, have been shared with federal officials, who are conducting an investigation of possible illegalities involving west Central African rainforest poaching, black market trading, and the roles played by Northwest businesses.
On Monday, the watchdog group behind the undercover operation, Environmental Investigation Agency, released that video and the rest of its findings to the public.
Among its allegations: Timber harvested illegally from African rainforests is being sold in the U.S. through Pacific Northwest companies and others are doing the same thing to get hardwood to customers throughout Europe.
The Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), a nongovernmental organization based in Washington, D.C., spent four years investigating logging in the Republic of Congo and Gabon. The region is home to one of the world’s largest rainforests, which provides habitat for endangered species such as forest elephants and gorillas.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement confirmed to OPB on March 16 that it had launched an investigation into the illegal import of tropical hardwood and the involvement of Northwest companies in moving it through a supply chain to retailers and customers throughout the United States.
Undercover investigators and trade data analysts from the EIA say they have found forest lands obtained illegally, routine overharvesting, bribery and other illicit activity in the supply chain of timber known as okoume. That okoume, used in plywoods and veneer siding, has been sold domestically by Evergreen Hardwoods — an importer based in Mercer Island, Washington — and Oregon’s Roseburg Forest Products.
“We’re talking about systemic illegal logging of the forest that has been developed in a way that is undermining governance in the region, and has been occurring over a greater than 10-year period,” said Lisa Handy, director of forest campaigns for the EIA.
At the center of the report is a collection of companies known as the Dejia Group, which according to the EIA controls an area of 3.7 million acres — 10 times the size of Washington's Olympic National Park — inside the Congo basin. It harvests a variety of species and exports primarily to China. It also sends wood to France, Spain and Belgium.
The United States accounts for about 3 percent of its business, but EIA’s report states approximately $22 million worth of that illegal timber found its way into the U.S., primarily through Evergreen Hardwoods and a related company called Cornerstone Forest Products. Jim Green, who lives in Eugene, is the owner of Cornerstone and a former part-owner of Evergreen, where he still works as supply manager.
EIA investigators posed as timber suppliers and captured undercover video during a meeting with Green.
Green declined to comment until he had seen EIA’s undercover video of a meeting with him, which was released at 12:01 a.m. Monday. He declined to answer questions sent more than a week ago Friday via email.
“FYI, I have not been to Africa in 15 years and have never visited Republic of Congo,” he said via email to OPB.
At one point on the tape, which was made available in advance for OPB to review, Green and EIA investigators discuss required paperwork under the Lacey Act, a U.S. law preventing trade in illegal plants and wildlife, at which point Green states on the tape that he doesn't care if the timber was stolen from national parkland, where logging is forbidden.
“I just need to have documentation in case somebody accuses me and wants to look,” he says.
Green also states on the tape that he understands graft and bribery are part of doing business in the Congo basin. Green also states on the tape that, while he believes illegal timber harvesting does occur, it’s not the norm and “everyone’s doing, I think, reasonably a pretty good job at doing everything correctly and legally.”
Cornerstone and Evergreen sold okoume to Oregon's Roseburg Forest Products for use in a popular veneer siding, found in stores such as Menard's and, until 2017, Home Depot.
“All these illegal practices and deforestation of the Congo is actually being sold to consumers in the U.S. who probably feel pretty good about the product that they’re buying,” Handy said.
While the EIA report focuses on the roles played by the Dejia Group and Evergreen Hardwoods, it also examined Oregon-based manufacturer Roseburg Forest Products and its role in the supply chain, which ended with millions of U.S. consumers who "unwittingly supported the perpetuation of high-level corruption, illegal logging and massive tax evasion."
The report said this has only been made possible because of the "negligent role of the manufacturer and the complicity of the American importer."
Roseburg Forest Products said in a statement that the company was unaware of any potential issues with its veneer until federal investigators phoned the company March 11.
Homeland Security Investigations, an arm of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, has opened an investigation into imports of okoume veneer. EIA said it has provided law enforcement its information.
“Roseburg will closely monitor the investigation and determine any impact on its overall procurement relationships with Cornerstone and Evergreen as this matter develops,” the company's statement read.
Roseburg Forest Products spokesperson Rebecca Taylor said that, after the government investigation was brought to its attention, the company was “not sourcing okoume from any supplier,” and that it suspended its business relationship with both Evergreen and Cornerstone.
The company said last week on its website that it was a "cooperating witness" in the investigation. Homeland Security Investigations has not confirmed this. Asked whether Roseburg Forest Products' characterization of its status as a witness and "not the subject of the investigation" was accurate, Homeland Security Investigations spokesperson Tanya Roman said in an email Sunday: "This is an ongoing investigation and I'm unable to comment further at the time."
Roseburg Forest Products said its internal and third-party audits showed no indications of illegal activity in its supply chain. Late Monday afternoon it issued a statement saying it had reviewed the EIA report issued that day and that it "fully supports the current investigation into allegations of illegal timber imports" while also denying "any knowledge of or complicity with" the alleged actions of its former okoume hardwood suppliers Cornerstone and Evergreen.