Paid Ballot Postage Has High-Profile Support. Can Oregon Afford It?

By Dirk VanderHart (OPB)
March 11, 2019 10:24 p.m.

Gov. Kate Brown and one of the Legislature’s top budget writers on Monday signaled support for using state money to pay for ballot postage in Oregon — a move officials believe would increase voter turnout in a state that leads much of the nation in voter participation.

But in a budget year when cuts are likely, the uncertain price tag behind that effort could prove tricky.

Staff count ballots at the Multnomah County Elections Office in Portland, Ore. on Nov. 6, 2018.

Staff count ballots at the Multnomah County Elections Office in Portland, Ore. on Nov. 6, 2018.

Nate Sjol / OPB

Brown and state Rep. Dan Rayfield, D-Corvallis, were among those to testify at a hearing on Senate Bill 861, which would require the state to pre-pay ballot postage, rather than requiring voters to either buy a stamp or drop off their ballot at a designated drop box.

The concept, discussed for years, was a top priority in the proposed budget Brown released in November, and has seen bipartisan support.

“While our vote by mail system is one of the most innovative that states have implemented across the country, I would say that our vote by mail system has been hobbled by something less modern and that’s the postage stamp,” Brown testified. “It’s time, frankly, to make everyone’s mailbox a drop box at no cost to the voter.”

Rayfield, one of three co-chairs on the powerful Joint Ways and Means Committee responsible for crafting a budget, also voiced support.

“As elected officials, we have a duty to reduce all barriers, no matter how large or small they are, to voting, and that’s what this bill does,” he testified.

The discussion comes as officials in Washington State are also mulling paid ballot postage statewide. But in Oregon, it runs up against potential belt tightening.

A high-level budget framework released last week by Rayfield and his Ways and Means co-chairs includes near across-the-board cuts to services, despite anticipated record revenues. In that context — and with Legislators prioritizing finding money for education and health care — not everyone is sold on making paid ballot postage a top priority.


“The question is: Will we have money for it at the end of the day?” House Speaker Tina Kotek said Monday. “I don’t know.”

Kotek said competing priorities for any money include housing — one of her top issues this session — and “a whole bunch of other things that people want to do.”

In her budget proposal, Brown recommended $2.7 million for paid ballot postage. The actual cost is likely less, Oregon Elections Director Steve Trout testified Monday.

Trout said the Oregon Secretary of State’s Office had gone back and analyzed ballot returns from past election years.

“We estimate costs of $2.9 million if every single voter returns their ballot through the mail,” Trout said. “We know that’s not going to be the case, but that’s the high end of the bar.”

Currently in Oregon, around 40 percent of returned ballots go through the mail, Trout said. He told lawmakers on the Senate Rules Committee that achieving a 50 percent mail-in rate would cost $1.52 million a biennium.

Asked whether he’d prioritize that money as part of the budget writing process, Rayfield told OPB it was too early to make such commitments. He said he would seek to put cost savings identified in the Secretary of State’s Office budget toward paid postage.

SB 861 saw almost unanimous support in Monday's hearing, including from the Bus Project, a voter-focused nonprofit that helped the bill collect dozens of sponsors in the Legislature.

“While this policy requires a financial investment, the payoff it will have on the fabric of our communities and the turnout in our elections is priceless,” Bus Project Executive Director Samantha Gladu testified.

The League of Women Voters of Oregon did raise concerns, however, saying it believes a potential $2.7 million price tag for ballot postage might be too steep. That stance could change in light of the lower estimates mentioned in the hearing, league representative Rebecca Gladstone said.

The law, if passed, could have near immediate impact. While the bill as introduced would have applied to elections beginning in 2021, an amendment submitted by state Sen. Michael Dembrow would ensure that paid postage is in effect during next year’s presidential election. The amendment has support from Brown, but has not been voted on in committee yet.

As part of her testimony Monday, Brown invoked the memory of former Secretary of State Dennis Richardson, who died on Feb. 26 from cancer. Richardson partnered with Brown and the Bus Project to introduce the bill.

“I also want to take a moment to recognize the legacy and leadership of my colleague,” said Brown, who laid out a litany of steps Richardson took while in office to improve voter access. “He was a champion of this important and critical legislation.”